I_HeERO stand – C40 (as part of the ERTICO stand)
The I_HeERO project was represented at the ERTICO stand with an exhibition wall featuring eCall videos and the I_HeERO project presentation. Flyers and fact sheets were available for visitors.
I_HeERO Presentation “State of the art assessment Powered Two-Wheeler (P2W) eCall”
F Harnischmacher from KTM, Austria presented the paper “I_HeERO – State of the art assessment P2W eCall” during Technical Session TS02 “Safety & Sustainability” 7 June 2016.
Summarising the first steps of the P2W part of the I_HeERO project, F Harnischmacher presented a broad overview of the existing eCall- and eCall-like systems. The overview was not only limited to vehicle application, but also covered applications from the health care sector as well as smart apps. In addition, the most relevant eCall standards and the automotive eCall operation sequence were presented.
In order to avoid misunderstandings, F Harnischmacher started by giving a clear definition for eCall systems. He highlighted that ensuring rider privacy is a crucial point for user acceptance. Furthermore, the characteristics and challenges for a P2W eCall system were presented. In contrast to cars, on P2Ws there are no sophisticated crash detection systems available. The identification of a reliable triggering mechanism is a primary task within this project. It was shown that the rollover of a P2W is not a sufficient characteristic for eCall triggering. The separation of rider and vehicle is another characteristic for P2W accidents, which must be considered for a P2W-eCall-system. Due to the separation, the severity of the incident must be judged by the first relevant situation.
To conclude the key objectives – Definition of requirements, architecture and verification, triggering mechanism, determining factors for accident and injury severity – of the P2W project were presented.
eCall session involving I_HeERO partners at EC stand
- On 7 June, Andy Rooke, I_HeERO Technical Implementation Officer, gave a general overview of the objectives and status of the I_HeERO project.
- The Bulgarian state has the political will and proved track record of promoting eCall implementation in used vehicles since 2012
I_HeERO representative Bojkov Dragomir of ICOM presented the retrofit eCall devices and how they can unlock the real life-saving potential of the eCall initiative. As from 1 April 2018 all new models of cars launched in the EU need to be fitted with the 112 eCall. The deployment of retrofit devices is seen as a prerequisite for the introduction of the eCall at European level, especially in Eastern European countries where the average age of vehicles is much higher compared to Western European countries. 2014 was a bad year for road safety in EU with increasing number of road deaths in several Eastern European countries.
The roll-out of retrofit eCall devices also holds some major risks including PSAP overloading with false direct 112 eCalls and PSAP denial of service to other road users. The very low cost and low quality retrofit eCall devices could be a real risk for the whole TPSP model. The PSAPs could be inundated with spurious calls from aftermarket devices, because there are no minimum or standard requirements, so the tendency will be, if in doubt, to send the eCall to protect the liability of the equipment provider.
There is an urgent need to develop the necessary minimum requirements and technical specifications to ensure that after-market eCall matches the exacting standards of eCall for new vehicles. Bulgaria will be leading the retrofit installation.
Bulgaria has one of the highest road fatality rate in the EU and the number is still reason. One of the reasons is that Bulgaria has the oldest car park in the EU and 70% of road accidents in the country involve vehicles older than 10 years, with 2/3 of the total number of vehicles being older than 15 years. Newly registered vehicles represent 1% of the total passenger cars in 2013. With the lowest refresh rate of the car park in the EU (0.28%), the mandatory installation of eCall devices in new cars after 2018 will have a negligible effect in the country.
Bulgaria will be leading the retrofit devices effort because it has the political will and proven track record for eCall implementations through its involvement in the HeERO series of projects. The country is perfectly positioned to initiate a pilot project for retrofit devices in used cars on a regional level, which could demonstrate the real-life performance of the eCall service and its life-saving potential thanks to the achieved technical readiness.
Full presentation: Retrofit eCall presentaton Bulgaria – Bojkov Dragomir – ICOM
- Significant differences between eCall for passenger cars and eCall for P2W
Matthias Mörbe from I_HeERO partner Robert Bosch presented an update on the eCall for P2W. As leader of the eCall for P2W task within the I_HeERO project, Robert Bosch defines the requirements and architecture of an eCall device for P2W, defines a reliable triggering mechanism for P2X, identifies the determining factors for accident and injury severity and defines the minimally complex system architecture to improve industry and market uptake. So far use cases based on accident data bases have been analysed and existing eCall like systems assessment has been completed. A customer survey has been done to get best user acceptance and a common understanding has been established on what potentially could be the outcome of the project.
Full presentation: I_HeERO P2W Br- Matthias Mörbe – Robert Bosch